The oldest medical specialty in the United States is otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee). Otolaryngologists are doctors who specialise in the medical and surgical management and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT), as well as related head and neck structures. ENT physicians are what they’re known as.

Diagnosing and treating diseases of the sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity, and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face, are among their specialties. In both children and adults, otolaryngologists diagnose, treat, and manage specialty-specific disorders as well as a variety of primary care issues.


To be certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology, ENTs must typically complete up to 15 years of college and training. A bachelor’s degree, medical school, and at least five years of post-graduate specialty training are all required. Some otolaryngologists, otolaryngologists, and otolaryngologists may choose to specialise further. These specialties include allergy treatment, sleep disorders, and the treatment of nose diseases (rhinology). Others may opt to specialise in paediatric otolaryngology.

ENTs can also choose from a variety of surgical specialties. Head and neck surgery, cosmetic plastic surgery, and reconstructive surgery are examples of these procedures.


The services of an ENT can benefit a wide range of people. This includes not only those who suffer from snoring or sleep apnea, but also those who suffer from chronic sinus infections, hearing loss, or seasonal allergies. Children who suffer from recurrent ear infections may benefit from ENT treatment or surgery.

Close-up Of Doctor Checking Happy Girl’s Ear With Otoscope

What Conditions Do ENTs Treat?

General otolaryngologists treat a wide range of conditions and do not specialise in any one area of the head and neck. However, some ENT specialists choose to specialise in one of the following subspecialties:

The ear (otology/neurotology)— is a branch of otology that deals with the study of hearing. Hearing and balance are essential for how we live our lives. Ear infections, hearing loss, dizziness, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), ear, face, or neck pain, and other conditions are treated by ENT specialists.

Nose (rhinology)—Our noses help us breathe by preventing potentially harmful dirt, allergens, and other agents from entering our bodies. ENT specialists also treat deviated septum, rhinitis, sinusitis, sinus headaches and migraines, nasal obstruction and surgery, skull-base tumours, including those inside the cranial cavity, and other conditions.

Throat (laryngology)—Disorders that impair our ability to properly speak and swallow can have a significant impact on our lives and livelihoods. Sore throats, hoarseness, GERD, infections, throat tumours, airway and vocal cord disorders, and more are all treated by ENT specialists.

Thyroid/Head and Neck—The head and neck contain some of our body’s most vital organs, making them particularly vulnerable to tumours and cancer. ENT specialists treat benign neck masses, thyroid disorders such as benign and malignant tumours, Grave’s disease, enlarged thyroid glands, parathyroid disease, and more, in addition to head and neck cancers.

Sleep—Our ability to breathe and sleep soundly throughout the night has an impact on how we live our lives and work. Sleep-disordered breathing, nasal and airway obstruction, snoring and sleep apnea, and other conditions are treated by ENT specialists.

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery—Facial trauma and the resulting change in appearance caused by an accident, injury, birth defect, or side effect of a medical condition can be upsetting. Cleft palates, drooping eyelids, hair loss, ear deformities, facial paralysis, trauma reconstruction, head and neck cancer reconstruction, and cosmetic surgery of the face are all treated by ENT specialists in facial plastic surgery.

Pediatrics—bodies Children’s and senses are still developing, so they require special attention. Birth defects of the head and neck, developmental delays, ear infections, tonsil and adenoid infections, airway problems, asthma and allergy, and more are all treated by ENT specialists.

Best ENT Doctor in Bokaro Steel City:

Sharda ENT Hospital Dr. Sunil Kumar|Plot No, 138, Cooperative Colony, Bokaro Steel City, Jharkhand 827001|087894 57836

Professnow  is a platform, where we have gathered informations on the services you can need every now and then. Here we provide a very brief listing of the experts in your desired service. This start-up of 2021 is all about providing you the best of the bestest at your doorstep.

Leave a Reply